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Speckle-faced Parrot - BirdForum Opus

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Photo © by Thibaud Aronson
Oxapampa, Pasco, Peru, 25 April 2020
Pionus tumultuosus

Includes: White-capped Parrot and Plum-crowned Parrot



Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.


This is a polytypic species[1] consisting of 2 subspecies:


  • P. t. seniloides Found in the Andes]] from northwestern Venezuela and Colombia south to northern Peru (south at least to La Libertad)
  • P. t. tumultuosus Found on the east slope of the Andes from central Peru (north at least to Huánuco) to central Bolivia (south to Santa Cruz)

Gill and Donsker split this species into two: tumultuosus as Plum-crowned Parrot and seniloides as White-capped Parrot.


Moist montanes.


The diet includes fruit.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.