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Somali Pigeon - BirdForum Opus

Alternative names: Somali Rock Pigeon; Somali Stock Dove

Columba oliviae


28 cm.

  • Lavender-grey plumage, brownish tinge on mantle and wings
  • Bluer, darker grey lower back and rump
  • Black tipped primaries
  • Black tail with grey central feather band
  • Mauve-pink forehead, crown and nape
  • Iridiscent coppery brown patch with green suffusion on hindneck
  • Yellow eye with red or purplish red orbital skin

Some birds show wings flecked with black. Sexes similar, juvenile undescribed.


Endemic to north and northeast Somalia.
A poorly known restricted-range species.


This is a monotypic species.
Forms a superspecies with Yellow-eyed Pigeon, also closely related to Stock Dove.


Rocky and sandstone hills and escarpments in arid coastal region.
Occurs up to 800 m.



Feeds on seeds, cultivated grain and berries. Forages mainly on ground.


Nests recorded in May and August. Two found nests were made of dry grass and placed in recesses in cave roofs. Lays one egg.


Locally migratory, absent from cliffs from May to September.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2014)

Recommended Citation

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