• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Sao Tome Green Pigeon - BirdForum Opus

Treron sanctithomae


30 cm. Similar to dull looking forms of African Green Pigeon but with a heavy, strongly arched bill and small cere.

  • Greenish-grey head, neck and most of underparts
  • Bright yellow and dark green vent and tibial feathers
  • Dark olive-green mantle, back, rump and wing-coverts
  • Dark mauve patch on bend of wing
  • Blackish primaries and secondaries
  • Pale yellow edged to greater coverts and narrow pale edges to secondaries
  • Grey tail with olive tinge, poorly defined blackish central band
  • Chestnut undertail-coverts with creamy tips

Sexes similar, juveniles undescribed.


Endemic to Sao Tomé. Formerly also on nearby Isla das Rôlas.
Frequent to common in its small range.


This is a monotypic species.
Probably forms a superspecies with Madagascar Green Pigeon, African Green Pigeon and Pemba Green Pigeon.


Primary forest. Also in secondary forest and plantations.
Occurs up to 1600 m, commonest above 300 m.



A frugivorous species. Forages high in the canopy, feeding on banana, Musanga and Ficus fruits.


Breeding season from late November to April/May. The nest is a loosely constructed platform made of twigs. A described nest was placed 2.5 m above the ground in a cocoa tree and contained one egg.


No information available.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2014)

Recommended Citation

External Links