- Caprimulgus pulchellus
19-21.5 cm. A sexually dimorphic nightjar.
- Dark brown upperparts and wing-coverts, spotted and barred tawny, cinnamon and buff
- Paler crown and nape, greyer brown central feathers broadly streaked blackish
- Indistinct tawny-buff nuchal collar
- Tawny submoustachial stripe and large white patch on both sides of lower throat
- Tawny, buff and greyish white underparts, barred brown, becoming buff barred brown on lower belly, flanks and undertail-coverts
- Males with small white spot or bar on second to fifth outermost primaries and white tips to two outermost tail feathers
- Female with tawny wing spots and white or buff tips to two outermost tail feathers
- bartelsi is smaller, lacks the nuchal collar and females are more grey
Immatures not described.
More heavily spotted and darker than Bonaparte's Nightjar, other sympatric species are larger and paler.
Two subspecies recognized:
A poorly known species.
Feeds probably on insects. Recorded foraging near cliffs and over forest clearings.
Breeding season from late March to May in Java. One nest-site was found under a tea bush. Lays 1 to 2 eggs. No further information.
Presumably a sedentary species.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2014)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Salvadori's Nightjar. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 28 November 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Salvadori%27s_Nightjar