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Rufous-tailed Antbird - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Luiz
Itatiaia highlands, Itamonte, MG, Brazil, March 2008
Drymophila genei


13-14 cm.


  • Black crown
  • Long white supercilium
  • Black band through eye
  • White lower side of head speckled black
  • Olive-brown back, spotted black
  • White interscapular patch often well visible
  • Rufous rump and tail
  • Rufous flight-feathers, black wing-coverts tipped white
  • White throat and anterior underparts with black spots, heaviest on breast
  • Unspotted rufous-brown flanks and crissum


  • Rufous-brown crown and nape with black streaks
  • Whitish weak supercilium
  • Dark brown line through eye
  • Upperparts and wings like male but without black spots on back and without interscapular patch
  • Buff head side, throat and underparts with faint dark marks anteriorly


Endemic to the Atlantic Rainforest of southeast Brazil. Found in southeast Minas Gerais, south Espírito Santo, northeast São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
A restricted-range species with a small range and specialized habitat requirements. Locally common.


This is a monotypic species.


Found in understorey of bamboo thickets in montane evergreen forest. Occurs mainly at 1150 to 2200 m, sometimes down to 800 m. Often in the same habitat as Bertoni's Antbird and replaced in lower elevations by Ochre-rumped Antbird and Ferruginous Antbird.



Feeds on insects, takes probably also spiders.
Forages in pairs or small groups, usually up to 3 m above the ground, rarely higher. Sometimes joins mixed-species flocks of other insectivores when they pass through its territory. Searches for food in bamboo, vine tangles and shrubby thickets. An active forager, progressing on zigzag course by short hops, separated by frequent pauses to scan around. Rarely follows army ants.


No information available.


Presumably a resident species with possibly some periodic local movements due to major die-offs of bamboo.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Jan 2018)

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