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Red-crowned Ant Tanager - BirdForum Opus

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Male, Brazillian subspecies
Photo © by Francisco Paludo
Joinville, SC, Brazil, June, 2018
Habia rubica


Female, subspecies vinacea
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Coclé Province, Panama, March, 2013

17–19 cm (6¾-7½ in)

  • Dull reddish brown overall plumage
  • Red throat and breast
  • Black-bordered scarlet crown stripe

Female: yellowish brown, with a yellow throat and yellow-buff crown stripe

Similar Species

The Red-throated Ant Tanager can be difficult to distinguish. It lacks the black borders on the crown stripe.


Central and South America: found in Mexico, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina.



Male, subspecies rubra
Photo © by Gallus
Trinidad and Tobago

There are 17 subspecies[1]:

  • H. r. holobrunnea: Subtropical eastern Mexico (southern Tamaulipas to Veracruz and northern Oaxaca)
  • H. r. rosea: Pacific slope of south-western Mexico (Nayarit and Jalisco to Guerrero)
  • H. r. affinis: Pacific slope of southern Mexico (Oaxaca)
  • H. r. nelsoni: South East Mexico (Yucatán Peninsula north of southern Campeche)
  • H. r. rubicoides: South Mexico (Puebla and eastern Veracruz) to northern Nicaragua
  • H. r. alfaroana: North West Costa Rica (Guanacaste Peninsula)
  • H. r. vinacea: Pacific slope of south-western Costa Rica (Nicoya Peninsula) to eastern Panama
  • H. r. rubra: Trinidad
  • H. r. crissalis: Coastal mountains of north-eastern Venezuela (Anzoátegui to Sucre)
  • H. r. mesopotamia: Venezuela (Río Yuruán region of eastern Bolívar)
  • H. r. perijana: Sierra de Perijá (Colombia/Venezuela border)
  • H. r. coccinea: East base of East Andes of north-central Colombia and western Venezuela
  • H. r. rhodinolaema : South East Colombia east of the Andes to north-eastern Peru and extreme north-western Brazil
  • H. r. peruviana: Tropical eastern Peru to central Bolivia and adjacent western Brazil
  • H. r. hesterna: Central Brazil south of the Amazon to northern Mato Grosso
  • H. r. bahiae: Tropical eastern Brazil (Bahia)
  • H. r. rubica: South East Brazil (southern Minas Gerais) to eastern Paraguay and north-eastern Argentina


Leafy undergrowth of terra firme forest and tall second growth



Their diet consists mainly of arthropods with the addition of some fruit.


They build a shallow cup nest in a tree. The clutch contains 2 white eggs with brown blotches. They are incubated by the female for 13 days. After a further 10 days, the chicks fledge.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2018)

Recommended Citation

External Links