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Red-billed Pigeon - BirdForum Opus

Patagioenas flavirostris
Photo © by gritstone
Centro Neotropico Sarapiquis, Costa Rica .


30 cm long and weighs 230 grams. It is mainly purple, with a brown back; its lower belly and flight feathers are blue-grey, while its tail is black. Its bill is white with a red base, and its eyes and ells are red. Juvenile birds are duller than adults and the plumage is more brown.


North-western Mexico to southern Texas, and south to Costa Rica.


Photo © by nanus
La Paz Waterfall Gardens, Alajuela Costa Rica, 23 February 2020

Red-billed Pigeon has previously been placed in genus Columba. ====Subspecies====[1] Four subspecies are recognized,

  • P. f. restricta:
  • West Mexico (southern Sonora to Sinaloa)
  • P. f. madrensis:
  • Tres Marías Islands (off western Mexico)
  • P. f. flavirostris:
  • P. f. minima:
  • Lowlands of Costa Rica (Gulf of Nicoya region)


Open countryside with some trees. Also cultivation.



It builds its nest from twigs, in trees. It lays one white egg. It is a solitary bird, seldom forming flocks. ====Diet It is a ground feeder; diet includes berries, buds and acorns.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1