• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Plumbeous Vireo - BirdForum Opus

Vireo plumbeus
Photo by Michael W.
Location: Madera Canyon, Arizona, USA.


4.75 inches in length, Its head, back and flanks are grey while its underparts are white. The wing bars are white and it has a solid white eye ring.


It ranges from far southeastern Montana and western South Dakota south to Mexico, Honduras, northern Nicaragua and Belize. Northern populations are migratory, moving south to northern Mexico in winter.


This species was formerly considered to belong to the same species as Cassin's Vireo and Blue-headed Vireo. Prior to that, this complex of species was referred to as the Solitary Vireo.


Four subspecies are recognized[1].

  • V. p. plumbeus
  • Breeds from the interior western USA (north to southern Idaho, Wyoming, southeastern Montana, and southwestern South Dakota) south to southern Mexico (to Guerrero and central Oaxaca); northern populations migratory, wintering in southwestern United States (southern Arizona) and western Mexico (southern Sonora south to southwestern Veracruz and Oaxaca), but resident in southern Mexico (Michoacán, and possibly Jalisco, to Oaxaca
  • V. p. gravis
  • East central Mexico (Hidalgo, western Veracruz, and northern and western Puebla)
  • V. p. montanus
  • V. p. notius


Open pine forests.


It builds a cup nest out of bark strips and down in the fork of a twig. It lays 3 to 5 white eggs with some brown spots.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.2). Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.2. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1