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Orange-backed Troupial - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies strictifrons
Photo by kitefarrago
Porto Jofre, Mato Grosso, Brazil, August 2015
Icterus croconotus


Photo by Jeff Hopkins
Hotel Pantanal Mato Grosso, Pantanal, Brazil, September 2008

23 cm (9 in)

  • Orange crown, nape and back
  • Blue skin round the yellow eye
  • Black wings and tail
  • White wing flash

Juvenile has the orange areas cold yellow or yellowish-green.


Guyana, Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, and northern Argentina. Restall1 does not describe it from Suriname or French Guiana but has question-marks in the nearest parts of Brazil in the range maps.


Previously considered a subspecies of the Venezuelan Troupial (Icterus icterus), it is now a full species: Icterus croconotus and has 2 races23.


There are 2 subspecies[3]

  • I. c. croconotus:
  • I. c. strictifrons:


Forest edge and open woodland, mostly near rivers and lakes, also in clearings and secondary woodland.



Their diet consists of nectar, fruit and insects and small invertebrates.


A pirate that takes over nests from other species of birds.

They are believed to be monogamous and solitary breeders.


  1. Restall et al. 2006. Birds of Northern South America. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300124156
  2. SACC discussion accepting the split into three forms.
  3. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Dec 2017)

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