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Montezuma Oropendola - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Reini
Laguna del Lagarto Lodge, Costa Rica, February 2005
Psarocolius montezuma


Male 39.5-47.5 cm (15½-18¾ in);
female 34.7-39.8 cm (13¾-15¾ in)

  • Black head, nape, upper back and throat
  • Chestnut upperparts
  • Yellow outer rectrices
  • Blackish central rectrices
  • Blue bare facial skin
  • Pinkish wattle under chin
  • Red or orange tip to black bill


Photo © by nanus
Ujarras Orosi, Costa Rica, 2 March 2020

Central America: found from Gulf-Caribbean lowlands of south-eastern Mexico, through Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, to central Panama


This is a monotypic species[1]. It is sometimes listed as belonging in genus Gymnostinops .


Forest canopy, edges and old plantations.



Their diet consists mostly of arthropods and small vertebrates. They also eat fruit, seeds, and nectar.

Photo by HelenB
Nesting colony near Rancho Naturalista, Costa Rica, February 2007


They nest in colonies using tall trees. The nest, constructed by the female, is a long pouch attached to a branch; it is lined with leaves. It is thought there two white or buffy eggs are laid, but usually only one chick is raised. Incubation takes about 15 days, with the young fledging after a further 29-42 dats,


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Sample, R. and R. Kannan (2020). Montezuma Oropendola (Psarocolius montezuma), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.monoro1.01

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1