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Malabar Parakeet - BirdForum Opus

Photo by atanumondal
Peiryaar N.P, W. Ghat forest, south India, October 2004

Alternative name: Blue-winged Parakeet

Psittacula columboides


36–38 cm (14¼-15 in); a medium sized blue-greenish Parakeet

  • Very long tail
  • Blue-grey foreparts
  • Black collar
  • Blue rump and primaries
  • Yellow edges on dark wing coverts


Photo by Jaysan
Nilgiris, India, August 2017
  • Blue lower border to collar
  • Red upper mandible


  • Duller and greener than male
  • All black bill


Endemic to Western Ghats south from N Maharashtra in Southern India. Can be found in various National Parks and reserves such as Nagarhole, Mudumalai, Periyar and Thattekad Bird Sanctuary.

A locally common restricted range species.


P. columboides; year-round
Maps/Texts consulted1,2,3,4,5


Juvenile above, male in flight
Photo by Jaysan
Nilgiris, India, August 2017

A monotypic member of the S Asian Psittacula Parakeets[6].


Tropical evergreen forest, moist deciduous forest, secondary growth and abandonend plantations. From the plains up to 1600m, but mainly between 450-1000m.

Seems to be able to adapt also to disturbed habitats.


A gregarious species which sometimes forms mixed flocks with Plum-headed Parakeets.


Breeds from December to March. Nests in a tree hole, preferring high trees, usually Ironwood and Grewia tiliifolia. Lays 4-5 eggs.


Feeds on grain, seeds and fruits (preferring figs). Takes also buds, petals and nectar. May damage crop of Sorghum or other cereals and Orchards.


Resident with some food-related movements.


  1. Rasmussen, PC and JC Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334672
  2. Grimmett, R, C Inskipp, and T Inskipp. 1998. Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 978-0713640045
  3. Kazmierczak, K and B van Perlo. 2000. A Field Guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0300079210
  4. Kazmierczak, K and R Singh. 2001. A Birdwatcher's Guide to India. New Dehli: India Oxford Univ. Press. ISBN 978-1871104080
  5. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334221
  6. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

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