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Least Nighthawk - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Luiz
Serra do Cipo, Minas Gerais, Brazil, November 2016
Chordeiles pusillus


15–19 cm (6-7½ in)

  • Brownish upperparts, with greyish spots


South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Bolivia and Brazil.



There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • C. p. septentrionalis:
  • C. p. esmeraldae:
  • South East Colombia to southern Venezuela and extreme north-western Brazil
  • C. p. xerophilus:
  • Extreme north-eastern Brazil (Paraíba and Pernambuco)
  • C. p. novaesi:
  • North East Brazil (Maranhão and Piauí)
  • C. p. pusillus:
  • East Brazil (Tocantins, Bahia and Goiás)
  • C. p. saturatus:
  • Extreme eastern Bolivia and west-central Brazil


They are usually to be found in open grassland habitats with scattered trees and scrub.



The clutch consists of 2 patterned eggs, which are laid directly onto bare ground.


Their main diet consists of insects caught in flight.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2017)

Recommended Citation

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