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Jamaican Pauraque - BirdForum Opus

Skull2 t.png The species Jamaican Pauraque is possibly extinct.
Skull2 t.png

Alternative name: Jamaican Poorwill

Siphonorhis americana


23-25 cm. Marginally sexually dimorphic.

  • Rufous-brown upperparts, blackish-brown streaked
  • Broadly blackish streaked crown
  • Indistinct buffish nuchal collar
  • Rufous-brown wing-coverts with distinctive blackish-brown markings and small, brown-centred, pale buff spots
  • Large white throat patch
  • Rufous-brown underparts, boldly spotted whitish on upper belly, becoming buff barred brown towards tail
  • No white markings on wings


Endemic to Jamaica.
No definitve records since 1860, known only from four museum specimens. Possible recent sightings from Milk River and Hellshire Hills. Habitat loss and introduction of mongooses and rats have possibly all contributed to the decline of this species.


This is a monotypic species.
Formerly considered conspecific with Least Pauraque.


Not well known, possibly dry limestone forest, open country and semi-arid woodland.



Feeds probably on insects.


No information available.


Nothing known.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.2). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2015)

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