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Ivory-billed Aracari - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies mariae
Photo by Stanley Jones,
Tarapoto, San Martín, Peru, December 2016
Pteroglossus azara


36–45 cm (14¼-17¾ in)

  • Black cap (male)
  • Brown cap (female)
  • Bill mostly yellow or cream, longer in the male


South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil


Subspecies P.a. flavirostris
Photo by Peter R. Bono
from canopy tower, Manu Wildlife Center (approx. 320m), Peru, August 2008


There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • P. a. flavirostris:
  • P. a. azara:
  • West Brazil in Amazonas (between Rio Negro and Rio Solimões)
  • P. a. mariae:
  • East Peru and western Brazil south of Amazon to north-central Bolivia

The subspecies mariae is sometimes considered a full species, Brown-mandibled Aracari.


Found in the canopy of tropical rainforest; observed at heights around 610 m.



Their main diet consists of a wide variety of fruits, they have also been observed flycatching.


Their clutch consists of 3-4 pure ellipitcal white eggs. Incubation lasts 16 days, and young fledge the nest at 40-42 days.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2017)
  4. nfss.org

Recommended Citation

External Links