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Graceful Pitta - BirdForum Opus

Alternative names: Black-crowned Pitta; Sumatran Pitta; Black-and-scarlet Pitta

Photo by James Eaton
Bukit Tapan, Sumatra, Indonesia, May 2006
Erythropitta venusta

Disambiguation: For the species Erythropitta ussheri, see Black-crowned Pitta



  • Bright crimson belly
  • Dark brown upperparts tinged with purple
  • Long, brown tail
  • Blackish-maroon head
  • Azure-blue streak from above eye to nape
  • Dark brown eye
  • Black bill

Juvenile plain dark plumage. Red-tipped bill


South East Asia: found in the Highlands of Sumatra.
A rare and localized restricted-range species.


This is a monotypic species[1].
Formerly placed in genus Pitta.


Rainforest at heights between 400 and 1,400 m. Usually found in ravines in thick cover.



The diet includes insects, beetles, worms, small snails and seeds. Forages on the ground.


Only one nest recorded (in Maiy). The domed nest was constructed from leaves, fine roots, decayed fibres and moss. It was placed 60cm above the ground abomg orchid leaves on a trunk of a fallen tree. The clutch consists of 2-3 creamy eggs, freckled with dark spots.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed., with updates to October 2008 (Corrigenda 8). Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691117010
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2010. IOC World Bird Names (version 2.7). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  4. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2003. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334504

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