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Golden-billed Saltator - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Stanley Jones
Córdoba Province, Argentina, October, 2019
Saltator aurantiirostris


Length 21cm.
The bill varies in colour with the male having a mainly or entirely orange bill, the female having a black bill with some orange spots and the immatures having a mainly black bill. Dark brown upperparts, buffy-orange underparts.
Females are similar, although with less contrast in plumage. Conspicous white/buff eyebrow extends from directly above the eyeball over the ear and down to the chest. The throat is surrounded by a black band.


Photo © by Stanley Jones
eibas Loop, Entre Rios Province, Argentina, October 2018

Central South America east of the Andes. Found in: Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Chile, Argentina



This is a polytypic species consisting of 6 subspecies[1]:

  • S. a. iteratus:
  • Andes of northern Peru (Cajamarca, Amazonas, La Libertad and Ancash)
  • S. a. albociliaris:
  • Andes of Peru (Ancash and Huánuco) to northern Chile (Arica)
  • S. a. hellmayri:
  • Andes of Bolivia (La Paz and Cochabamba to Potosí and northern Tarija)
  • S. a. aurantiirostris:
  • S. a. parkesi:
  • S. a. nasica:
  • West-central Argentina (La Rioja, Mendoza and western La Pampa)


Dry montane scrub and woodland as well as chaco and espinilho woodland and gardens.


Hops on ground searching for food.


There is little information, but they appear to eat seeds.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Bird Forum Member observations

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