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Fork-tailed Woodnymph - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Ciro Albano
Serra de Baturite, Ceara, Brazil, 22 April 2006
Thalurania furcata


Female, Subspecies viridipectus
Photo by Stanley Jones
Tarapoto, San Martín, Peru, December 2016

10,2 cm (4 in), 4,6 g

  • Glittering green throat
  • Violet belly and narrow band across the back of the neck
  • Bronzy green upperparts
  • White on its thighs


Flight - Subspecies T. f. jelskii
Photo © by Luis R
Moyobamba, San Martin, Peru, 25 March 2018

South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina.


This is a polytypic species[1] consisting of 13 subspecies:


  • T. f. refulgens: North-eastern Venezuela (Paría Peninsula and Sierra de Cumaná)
  • T. f. furcata: Extreme eastern Venezuela, Guianas and north-eastern Brazil north of the Amazon
  • T. f. fissilis: Eastern Venezuela, adjacent extreme western Guyana and north-eastern Brazil
  • T. f. orenocensis: Southern Venezuela (upper Orinoco region in Amazonas)
  • T. f. nigrofasciata: South-eastern Colombia to extreme southern Venezuela and north-western Brazil
  • T. f. viridipectus: Eastern slope of Andes and lowlands of eastern Colombia to north-eastern Peru
  • T. f. jelskii: Tropical eastern Peru and adjacent Brazil
  • T. f. simoni: Amazonia south of the Amazon in extreme eastern Peru and western Brazil
  • T. f. balzani: North-central Brazil south of the Amazon
  • T. f. furcatoides: Lower Amazon region of eastern Brazil south of the Amazon
  • T. f. boliviana: Andean foothills and adjacent lowlands of south-eastern Peru and north-eastern Bolivia
  • T. f. baeri: North-eastern and central Brazil to south-eastern Bolivia and northern Argentina
  • T. f. eriphile: South-eastern Brazil, adjacent Paraguay and north-eastern Argentina (Misiones)


Atlantic and mountain forest and forest edges.


Quite shy of humans, solitary, territorial and aggressive.


Click on photo for larger image


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Lepage D. (2021) [Avibase - https://avibase.ca/EB8F11B5]. Retrieved 16 September 2021
  3. Arthur Grosset
  4. BF Member observations

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