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Forest Elaenia - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies trinitatis
Photo © by DABS
Grande Riviere, Trinidad, March 2018
Myiopagis gaimardii


12–12·5 cm (4¾-5 in)
A mostly olive and grey bird with a partially concealed crown stripe.


Subspecies trinitatis
Photo © by rka
Lalaja, Trinidad, February 2018

In some subspecies has yellow crown stripe and wing bars, in others the same areas are white.


Northern South America: found in Panama, Colombia, Trinidad, Venezuela, The Guianas, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil



There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • M. g. macilvainii:
  • M. g. trinitatis:
  • M. g. bogotensis:
  • M. g. guianensis:
  • M. g. gaimardii (subcinerea):


Forests, second growth and edge, mostly humid, in lowlands and sometimes foothills


Mainly found high in canopy. Tends to sit more horizontal than most similar birds.


Their diet consists of insects, berries and small fruit. Sometimes in mixed flocks.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Ridgely & Gwynne 1989. Birds of Panama. Princeton Paperbacks. ISBN 0691025126
  3. Kenefick, Restall, Hayes, 2007. Field guide to the birds of Trinidad and Tobago. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-13557-2
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Feb 2018)

Recommended Citation

External Links