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Foothill Stipplethroat - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Thibaud Aronson
San Matías – San Carlos Protection Forest, Pasco, Peru, 15 November 2020

Alternative name: Foothill Antwren

Epinecrophylla spodionota

Myrmotherula spodionota


Grey to brown with black wing coverts tipped pale producing 2-3 wing bands. Male has black throat with white spotting. Both have pale eyes.

Similar Species

Several of the congeners similar but has rufous tones to the brown which this species lacks.


North-western South America: found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru east of the Andes.


Placed in genus Epinecrophylla by Clements (2010)[1] and Gill and Donsker (2010)[3], and in genus Myrmotherula by Dickinson (2003)[2].


There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • E. s. spodionota:
  • Eastern slope of Andes of southern Colombia south to northern Peru (northern Amazonas)
  • E. s. sororia:
  • Eastern Peru (south of River Marañón from San Martín to Madre de Dios)


Found at an elevational range of 500-1600 m asl inhabiting understory of forests.


Found together with mixed species flocks when feeding on insects and similar invertebrates.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed., with updates to December 2007 (Corrigenda 7). Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691117010
  3. Gill F, D Donsker & P Rasmussen (Eds). 2021. IOC World Bird List (v11.1). doi : 10.14344/IOC.ML.11.1. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  4. Zimmer, K. and M.L. Isler (2020). Foothill Stipplethroat (Epinecrophylla spodionota), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.fooant1.01

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.