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Eurasian Penduline Tit - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Pavlik
The Saratov area, Russia, April 2004
Remiz pendulinus


10–11 cm (4-4¼ in)

  • Light grey head and nape
  • Black mask
  • Reddish-brown upperparts
  • White to orangey-buff underparts
  • Male has reddish breast spots

Female has a narrower facial mask


Throughout much of Eurasia. Has bred in Belgium and Finland.

A rare visitor to Britain, but becoming more regular.


Photo © by anzek


There are 4 subspecies[1]:

  • R. p. pendulinus:
  • Europe to Ural Mountains, Caucasus Mountains and western Turkey
  • R. p. menzbieri:
  • R. p. caspius:
  • North-western Kazakhstan (Volga and Ural plains) to Caspian Sea
  • R. p. jaxarticus:


Reed beds, ponds and ditches.



Their diet consists mostly of small insects and invertebrates, their eggs and larvae. They also eat some seeds.


Polygamous.The nest is suspended from a branch and is made from wool, animal hair, soft plant materials bound with spiders' web. The eggs may be deserted by both adults, while they go in search of another partner.



Click on images to enlarge


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved January 2016)
  4. Animalfacts.net
  5. Wikipedia
  6. BirdGuides

Recommended Citation

External Links

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