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Epaulet Oriole - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Thibaud Aronson
Puerto Maldonado, Madre de Dios, Peru, 3 June 2022

Includes Moriche Oriole

Icterus cayanensis


Mostly black, the epaulet consisting of the upper wing-coverts.


Colombia, Venezuela, Guianas, Suriname, northern Brazil, Peru, eastern Bolivia and Trinidad.


Polytypic, consists of two subspecies1:

  • I. c. chrysocephalus
  • I. c. cayanensis

Variable Oriole was formerly included in this species.


Woodland, thorny scrub and gardens.



The diet includes insects and nectar.


Its nest is a long hanging basket of grass and other plant fibres, suspended from the end of a branch. 2 dark-spotted pale blue or white eggs are laid.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Sibley, CG and BL Monroe. 1996. Birds of the World, on diskette, Windows version 2.0. Charles G. Sibley, Santa Rosa, CA, USA.
  3. Birdforum thread discussing the possibility of splitting Variable Oriole from Epaulet Oriole
  4. Arthur Grosset

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.