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Cuban Martin - BirdForum Opus

Progne cryptoleuca
Photo by Dave 2x


Adult male cannot reliably be distinguished from Purple Martin except in the hand: both are bluish purple overall, but Cuban Martin has concealed white feathers on the belly. Female shows white belly and abdomen that contrasts sharply with brown in breast and sides.


Found on Cuba including surrounding smaller islands during the breeding season (February through October); believed to migrate to South America in non-breeding season. Accidental vagrant to Florida with 1 nineteenth century record.


This is a monotypic species[1]. Sometimes thought to be a subspecies of Caribbean Martin.


Widespread. Mostly nests colonially, and mostly in cavities, natural or manmade.



It nests in cavities or old woodpecker holes. The 3-6 eggs are incubated for 15 days; the young fledging 26-27 later.


The diet includes insects which are hawked aerially.


Call: chew-chew.


  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Wikipedia

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