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Cuban Parrot - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Cuban Amazon)

Alternative name: Rose-throated Parrot; Cuban Amazon

Two views of subspecies leucocephala. Photo © by THE_FERN. Refugio de Fauna Bermeja, Matanzas, Cuba, April 2024
Amazona leucocephala



  • Green
  • Blue in wings
  • Pink chin, throat and lower face
  • Dull red belly
  • White forehead and eyerings
  • Horn bill
  • Head colour varies according to subspecies


  • No red on belly
  • Less pink on chin, face and neck


Cuba, Bahamas and Cayman Islands.


Four subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • A.l. leucocephala in Cuba and Isle of Pines
  • A.l. caymanensis in Grand Cayman Island
  • A.l. hesterna in Cayman Brac
  • A.l. bahamensis in the Bahamas

A recent paper describes two new subspecies, splitting bahamensis in three[2].

Subspecies caymanensis
Photo by Ron Orenstein
Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands, February 2004
Subspecies bahamensis
Photo by Pluvius
Abacos, Bahamas, March 2010


Scrub and pine forests; subtropical, semi deciduous dry forests.



The diet includes seeds and fruit.


They nest in tree holes, except on Abaco in the Bahamas, where nesting happens in hollows in Limestone. The 2-4 white eggs are incubated by the female for 26–28 days.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Birdforum thread discussing additional subspecies in Cuban Parrot
  3. Raffaele et al. 1998. Birds of the West Indies. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0713649054
  4. Wikipedia
  5. Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2016). Cuban Amazon (Amazona leucocephala). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

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