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Cretzschmar's Bunting - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by okan kocyigit
Denizli, Turkey, 2009
Emberiza caesia


Breeding male

  • Brown, streaked above
  • Rust orange below
  • Grey head
  • Orange moustachial stripe
  • Pink, stout bill
Photo © by Mick Sway
Lesvos, Greece, May 2010


  • Weaker head pattern
  • Brown rump
  • White eye ring


Southern Europe to Asia Minor; winters to north-eastern Africa and Arabia
Europe: Balkans, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Corfu, Lesvos, Rhodes, Malta, Bulgaria
North Africa: Algeria, Libya, Egypt
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan
Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iran, Azerbaijan


This is a monotypic species[1].


Rocky mountain slopes with scattered bushes; scrub and farmland. Wadis, maquis and cultivated areas such as golf courses.



It is a ground nester, laying 4-6 eggs.


The diet includes mainly seeds, though the young are fed insects.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations

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