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Photo by Leon
Pretoria, South Africa, June 2004
Streptopelia capicola



  • Pale brownish grey
  • Black patch on the back of neck
  • Darker colours on their backs
  • White tips at end of tail feathers


Southern and eastern Africa:
Western Africa: Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, DRC and Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Zanzibar, Zambia and Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, eSwatini and KwaZulu-Natal



This is a polytypic species, consisting of six subspecies[1]:

  • S. c. electa:
  • S. c. somalica:
  • Eastern Ethiopia, Somalia and northern Kenya south to Uaso Nyiro River
  • S. c. tropica:
  • S. c. onguati:
  • South-western Angola and northern Namibia
  • S. c. damarensis:
  • S. c. capicola:
  • Western Cape Province

An additional subspecies tropica is generally considered invalid[2]


Bush, savannah, woodlands.



The diet includes mainly seeds, but also insects, particularly flying ants.


Nests are built in the forks of trees. The two creamy-white eggs are incubated for 15 days. The males sit on the eggs during the day, and the female at night. The chicks fledge after 14 days.

The adults are ready to breed again after a week. The male continues to feed the first youngsters after the next eggs are laid.


  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Wildlife Frontiers

Recommended Citation

External Links

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