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Canivet's Emerald - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by RBirchell
Utila, Honduras.

Includes Salvin's Emerald

Cynanthus canivetii

Chlorostilbon canivetii


8-9 cm with a short essentially straight bill
Male is green with glittering highlights on crown and underparts. It has a blueish tail which is forked, and there is white in the vent area.
Female is green on upperparts, pale on underparts, with a slightly forked tail. On the side of the head is a dusky stripe down from the eye and behind that a white post-ocular stripe.


Mexico to Costa Rica.


Subspecies recognized in this species include canivetii, salvini, and osberti. This species as well as Cozumel and Golden-crowned Emeralds used to be known as the Fork-tailed Emerald complex. In the version used here, Salvin's Emerald C. salvini is still included, but some authorities consider that to be a fourth full species.


  • C. c. canivetii:
  • C. c. osberti:
  • South-eastern Mexico (south-eastern Chiapas) to Honduras, Holbox, Bay and Hog islands
  • C. c. salvini:
  • Highlands of Pacific slope of north-western Costa Rica

Clements August 2021, has C. c. osberti & C. c. salvini as Salvin's Emerald.


Salvin's Emerald
Photo © by ana maria
Santa Ana Volcano, El Salvador, April 2009

Dry forest and coffee plantations, observed at 1450 meters.


Very social hummingbirds and visits gardens that have their favorite nectar sources.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. BF Member observations
  3. Howell & Webb, 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198540124
  4. Rodríguez-Flores, C. I. (2021). Canivet's Emerald (Cynanthus canivetii), version 1.1. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.caneme1.01.1

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.