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Brown Jacamar - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by arthurgrosset
Thaimaçu, Pará, Brazil, April 2003
Brachygalba lugubris


  • Dark iridescent greenish-black lower back
  • Brown crown and mantle
  • White chin and throat
  • Rufous breast
  • White underparts
  • Black wings and tail
  • Very long pointed bill
  • Black legs
  • Red iris

Sexes alike


South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil.



There are 7 subspecies:

  • B. l. fulviventris:
  • Eastern base of eastern Andes of Colombia (Buenavista and Villavicencio)
  • B. l. caquetae:
  • Eastern base of Eastern Andes of Colombia (south of Caquetá) to eastern Peru
  • B. l. lugubris:
  • B. l. obscuriceps:
  • B. l. naumburgae:
  • North-eastern Brazil (Maranhão and Piauí)
  • B. l. melanosterna:
  • B. l. phaeonota:
  • Central Brazil (known from one specimen from Rio Solimões)


Gallery forest, savanna woodland, forests near rivers.



It nests in burrows.


The diet includes insects.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase

Recommended Citation

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