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Rufous-backed Stipplethroat - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Brown-backed Antwren)

Alternative name: Napo Stipple-throated Antwren
Includes: Fulvous-throated Antwren = Rio Negro Stipplethroat, and Brown-backed Antwren = Yasuni Stipplethroat

Epinecrophylla haematonota

Myrmotherula haematonota


10·5–11 cm (4-4½ in)
Brown above with a rufous-chestnut back.
It has three wing-bars formed by white dots in the case of the male and buff spots in the female. Underparts are grey to brown and the throat is black with white spots.


South America: From southeastern Colombia and southern Venezuela to eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru and western Brazil.


Formerly considered conspecific with Fulvous-throated Antwren and Rio Madeira Stipplethroat under the name Stipple-throated Antwren. Later, Fulvous-throated Antwren and Brown-backed Antwren were lumped into this species.
Placed in genus Epinecrophylla by Clements (2010)[1] and Gill and Donsker (2010)[3], and in genus Myrmotherula by Dickinson (2003)[2].


Three subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • E. h. pyrrhonota
  • E. h. fjeldsaai
  • E. h. haematonota
    • Eastern Peru, south of the Amazon and west of the Napo, south at least to Ucayali, and western Brazil south of the Amazon (western Amazonas, Acre)


They are to be found in the understory of lowland evergreen forests.



Their diet consists of insects and spiders.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed., with updates to December 2007 (Corrigenda 7). Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691117010
  3. Gill F, D Donsker & P Rasmussen (Eds). 2021. IOC World Bird List (v11.1). doi : 10.14344/IOC.ML.11.1. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved January 2017)

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