• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Black-throated Jay - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Peter R. Bono
Dos Lagunas, northeast of San Cristobal des las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico
July 2009

Alternative names: Black-throated Dwarf Jay; Strickland's Jay

Cyanolyca pumilo


25 - 28cm.

  • Black forehead, sides of head and sepia throat
  • Conspicuous narrow white line across forehad to behind eye, creating a clear boarder between black and cyan-blue
  • Rest of plumage cyan-blue
  • Brownish eye
  • Black bill and legs

Sexes similar, females are duller than males. Juveniles are duller, lack the white line and the black is more greyish-black.


Found in a small area in Central America, from the mountains of extreme southeast Mexico through Guatemala and El Salvador to north-western Honduras.
Not uncommon in it's range, reported to be in danger of being extirpated in El Salvador.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Montane cloudforests. Occurs between 1200m and 3050m.


Feeds on invertebrates like insects, spiders and caterpillars. Also seen taking fruits.
Usually encountered in flocks of 5 to 12 birds, often in dense vegetation.
Not much known about breeding. The nest is made of twigs and placed in the tree canopy. Immature birds were seen in July and August in Mexico.
A sedentary species.


  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507
  3. Avibase

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.