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Black-throated Hermit - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by notactuallytom
Moyobamba, Peru, June 18, 2013
Phaethornis atrimentalis

Identification

8-9 cm
Cinnamon-colored underside and rump, head is mostly dark with pale post-ocular stripe and malar areas. Rest of upperside is greenish while wings and tail are black with bluish reflections except for pale tips to strongly graduated tail.

Similar species

Most similar to Reddish Hermit which lacks dark central throat and white undertail coverts.

Distribution

South America: found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Taxonomy

This species has in the past been treated as subspecies under Little Hermit.

Subspecies[1]

There are 2 subspecies:

  • P. a. atrimentalis;
  • P. a. riojae:

In the past, one additional subspecies was included in Little Hermit, subspecies aethopyga. This subspecies has for a while been discounted as a probable hybrid, but a recent paper argues that not only is this a valid taxon, but that it probably should be treated as a full species Phaethornis aethopyga. If it is treated as a subspecies, it might be better placed under Black-throated Hermit.

Habitat

Moist lowland forests, in the southern end of the range to 1200 m asl.

Behaviour

Food includes both nectar and small invertebrates.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. SACC baseline read November 2009
  3. Paper resurrecting the taxon aethopyga and proposing full species status
  4. Hinkelmann, C. and P. F. D. Boesman (2020). Black-throated Hermit (Phaethornis atrimentalis), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D.A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.bkther1.01

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.

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