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Black-backed Oriole - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Abeille's Oriole.

Photo by Raul Padilla
Pachuca, Mexico, May, 2011
Icterus abeillei

Identification

Male

  • Black face, nape and back
  • Black auriculars bordered by a dark orange malar stripe
  • Black throat
  • Orange on side of the breast
  • Black bib
  • Small orange spot in the lore area
  • Orange underparts
  • Light yellow lower breast and belly
  • Black sides and flanks
  • Wings
    • Large white panel on greater coverts
    • Conspicuous white fringes on the tertials and secondaries
  • Black and yellow tail
  • Black bill; slightly curved bill
  • Black legs
Juvenile
Photo by Raul Padilla
Pachuca, Hgo. Mexico, May 2011

Female

  • Olive-grey crown
  • Yellow cheek and forehead
  • Pale, whitish stripe on midline of throat
  • Yellow-orange breast and throat
  • Greyish, pale yellow belly
  • Olive grey back, shoulders, and rump
  • Light olive yellow uppertail coverts
  • Blackish-brown wings with white markings

Juveniles - similar to females, duller, yellow underparts with a green wash

Distribution

Central and eastern Mexico.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Bullock's Oriole (or even of Northern Oriole) by some authorities[2].

Habitat

Riparian woodlands and moist montanes, in spring it visits xerofit highlands searching the agave flowers.

Behaviour

Breeding

Nests are built in a tree or bush.

Diet

The diet includes insects and nectar.

References

Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist

  1. Avibase
  2. Animal Diversity Web

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.

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