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Black-and-white Monjita - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Jamfaraco
Lages/SC, Brazil, October 2006
Heteroxolmis dominicana

Xolmis dominicanus


Photo by Jamfaraco
Lages/SC, Brazil, September 2004

20–20·5 cm (7¾-8 in)

  • White body
  • Black wings and tail
  • White wing-tips particularly noticeable in flight

Female: similar

  • Crown, back of neck and back are a brownish-grey


South-eastern Brazil (Paraná) to Paraguay, Uruguay and north-east Argentina


This is a monotypic species[1].
This species was formerly placed in genus Xolmis.


Open areas, fields and humid fields, dry lowland grassland, seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, arable land, and pastureland.


Other species, such as Saffron-cowled Blackbird likes to be around this species, seemingly because it is good at detecting approaching dangers such as raptors.


Their diet consists almost entirely of insects. They feed on the ground, dropping from a low perch onto their prey.


Photo by Xyko Paludo
Cambará do Sul, RS, Brasil, November, 2017

Mostly silent. Occasionally delivers soft calls.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2014. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 4th ed. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0956861122
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  4. BirdLife International
  5. Krüger & Petry (2010). Ornitologia Tropical 21(2): 299-303
  6. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Dec 2017)

Recommended Citation

External Links

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