• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Bald Eagle - BirdForum Opus

Haliaeetus leucocephalus


Photo © by Jim Crosswell
Windsor, Ontario, July 2008

L. 30-31" (76-79 cm)
W. 6-7' 6" (1.8-2.3 m)

  • Large blackish eagle
  • White head and tail
  • Heavy yellow bill

Immature birds lack the white head and tail (resembling adult Golden Eagle). The have a black bill and a varying amount of white plumage.


2nd Year
Photo © by Forcreeks
Jennings Lodge, Oregon, USA, 29 March 2021

Breeds from Alaska east to Newfoundland and south locally to California, Great Lakes, and Virginia; also in Arizona, along Gulf Coast, and in Florida. Formerly more widespread. Winters along coasts and large rivers in much of United States.

Endangered Status

The Bald Eagle was delisted (removed from) the Endangered Species List by the Department of Interior of the federal government of the USA on June 28th, 2007.


Photo © by KC Foggin
Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, USA, April 2021


There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • H. l. washingtoniensis:
  • H. l. leucocephalus:
  • Locally from southern US to north-western Mexico

A third subspecies alascanus[2] is not recognised by all authorities.


Lakes, rivers, marshes, and seacoasts Goes into residential areas, especially in winter.



They build a large nest of sticks on top of a cliff or in a tall tree. Two to three white eggs are laid.


Their main diet is fish, which is snatched from the surface of water. Alternatively they will rob an Osprey of its catch


Squeaky cackling and thin gull-like squeals.

Bald Eagle sound clip
Recording © by Joseph Morlan
San Jose, California, USA. 05 August 2020


Click on photo for larger image


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Lepage D. (2021) [Avibase - https://avibase.ca/E3E9FEB9]. Retrieved 1 March 2021

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1