- Haliaeetus leucocephalus
L. 30-31" (76-79 cm)
W. 6-7' 6" (1.8-2.3 m)
- Large blackish eagle
- White head and tail
- Heavy yellow bill
Immature birds lack the white head and tail (resembling adult Golden Eagle). The have a black bill and a varying amount of white plumage.
Breeds from Alaska east to Newfoundland and south locally to California, Great Lakes, and Virginia; also in Arizona, along Gulf Coast, and in Florida. Formerly more widespread. Winters along coasts and large rivers in much of United States.
The Bald Eagle was delisted (removed from) the Endangered Species List by the Department of Interior of the federal government of the USA on June 28th, 2007.
There are 2 subspecies:
- H. l. washingtoniensis:
- Locally in Aleutian Islands, Alaska, Canada and northern US
- H. l. leucocephalus:
A third subspecies alascanus is not recognised by all authorities.
Lakes, rivers, marshes, and seacoasts Goes into residential areas, especially in winter.
They build a large nest of sticks on top of a cliff or in a tall tree. Two to three white eggs are laid.
Their main diet is fish, which is snatched from the surface of water. Alternatively they will rob an Osprey of its catch
Squeaky cackling and thin gull-like squeals.
Bald Eagle sound clip
Recording © by Joseph Morlan
San Jose, California, USA. 05 August 2020
Click on photo for larger image
Photo © by ducbucln
Kelseyville, California, March 2018
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Lepage D. (2021) [Avibase - https://avibase.ca/E3E9FEB9]. Retrieved 1 March 2021
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Bald Eagle. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 31 May 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Bald_Eagle
GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1