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Horsfield's Bushlark - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Australasian Lark)

Alternative name: Singing Bushlark, Singing Lark, Australasian Bushlark; Australasian Lark Horsfield's Lark (Bushlark might be split in two words by some authorities)

Photo by Tom Tarrant
near Texas, Queensland, Australia
Mirafra javanica



  • Brownish streaky upperparts
  • Whitish throat
  • Streaked chest
  • Rufous wing patch
  • White outer tail feathers

Sexes alike


Asia and Australasia:
Southern China, Myanmar, southern and central Thailand, Indochina, Vietnam, Philippines, Java, Bali, Lesser Sundas, New Guinea, northwestern, northern, eastern, and southeastern Australia.


The first four subspecies was formerly separated as Singing Bushlark, and recent data might indicate a future split is coming.


Twenty subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • M. j. marginata:
  • M. j. chadensis:
  • Senegal and Mali to Sudan and western Ethiopia
  • M. j. simplex:
  • Western Arabia
  • M. j. cantillans:
  • Northern India
  • M. j. williamsoni (beaulieui):
  • M. j. philippinensis:
  • M. j. mindanensis:
  • M. j. javanica:
  • M. j. parva:
  • M. j. timorensis:
  • M. j. aliena (sepikiana):
  • M. j. woodwardi:
  • M. j. halli:
  • M. j. forresti: (subrufescens):
  • M. j. melvillensis:
  • M. j. soderbergi:
  • M. j. rufescens:
  • M. j. athertonensis:
  • North-eastern Queensland (Atherton-Evelyn Tablelands)
  • M. j. horsfieldii (keasti):
  • M. j. secunda:


Open grassland with scattered bushes, salty marshes, edges of cultivated fields and dried rice fields.



The diet includes seeds and arthropods.


It builds a domed nest in shelter of tussocks and 2-4 eggs are laid.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.2). Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.2. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Answers.com
  4. Birdforum Member observations

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