• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Common Buttonquail - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Andalusian Hemipode)
Male, subspecies T. s. dussumier
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, July-2018

Alternative names: Small Buttonquail; Andalusian Hemipode; Kurrichane Buttonquail; Little Buttonquail (but this name also used for Turnix velox)

Turnix sylvaticus

Identification

13–16 cm (5-6¼ in), female larger

  • face plain
  • eyebrow pale
  • upperparts streaked sandy brown
  • underparts buff
  • flank markings black
  • wing grey with white wingbar

Sexes are similar

Immature birds have more spotted underparts

Female, subspecies T. s. dussumier
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, July-2018

Distribution

Southern Spain and most of Africa. India and tropical Asia to Indonesia.

Taxonomy

Reference [4] notes that African and Asian subspecies often divided into "Kurrichane Buttonquail", T. sylvaticus (sspp. lepuranus, sylvaticus) and "Small Buttonquail", T. dussumier (sspp. bartelsorum, celestinoi, davidi, dussumier, nigrorum, suluensis, whiteheadi)

Subspecies

Clements recognises the following subspecies [1]:

  • T. s. sylvaticus: "Kurrichane Buttonquail". Southern Iberian Peninsula, northern Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia
  • T. s. lepuranus: "Kurrichane Buttonquail". Africa south of the Sahara and extreme south Arabian Peninsula
  • T. s. dussumier: "Small Buttonquail". Extreme eastern Iran to India and Burma
  • T. s. davidi: "Small Buttonquail". Peninsular Thailand to south China, northern Indochina and Taiwan
  • T. s. whiteheadi: "Small Buttonquail". Luzon Island (n Philippines)
  • T. s. nigrorum: "Small Buttonquail". Negros Island (Philippines)
  • T. s. celestinoi: "Small Buttonquail". South Philippines (Bohol and Mindanao)
  • T. s. suluensis: "Small Buttonquail". Sulu Archipelago
  • T. s. bartelsorum: "Small Buttonquail". Java and Bali
Subspecies T. s. davidi
Photo © by nothinghill
Thailand, July-2012

Habitat

Grasslands or scrub jungle. Also cornfields and stretches of grassy plains in Africa.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet consists of insects such as ants and seeds, particularly grass seeds.

Breeding

The female builds the nest which is a pad of grass placed in a natural hollow in the ground, amongst the stems of a tuft of grass. The 4 speckled greyish eggs are incubated by the male who cares for the precocial young.

Breeding pair : larger female on right
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, July-2018

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2018)
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Eaton, JA, B van Balen, NW Brickle, FE Rheindt 2021. Birds of the Indonesian Archipelago (Greater Sundas and Wallacea), Second Edition. Lynx Editions. ISBN978-84-16728-44-2

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.

Back
Top