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Common Buttonquail - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Andalusian Hemipode)
Male, subspecies T. s. dussumier
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, July-2018

Alternative names: Small Buttonquail; Andalusian Hemipode; Kurrichane Buttonquail; Little Buttonquail (but this name also used for Turnix velox)

Turnix sylvaticus


13–16 cm (5-6¼ in), female larger

  • face plain
  • eyebrow pale
  • upperparts streaked sandy brown
  • underparts buff
  • flank markings black
  • wing grey with white wingbar

Sexes are similar

Immature birds have more spotted underparts

Female, subspecies T. s. dussumier
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, July-2018


Southern Spain and most of Africa. India and tropical Asia to Indonesia.


Reference [4] notes that African and Asian subspecies often divided into "Kurrichane Buttonquail", T. sylvaticus (sspp. lepuranus, sylvaticus) and "Small Buttonquail", T. dussumier (sspp. bartelsorum, celestinoi, davidi, dussumier, nigrorum, suluensis, whiteheadi)


Clements recognises the following subspecies [1]:

  • T. s. sylvaticus: "Kurrichane Buttonquail". Southern Iberian Peninsula, northern Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia
  • T. s. lepuranus: "Kurrichane Buttonquail". Africa south of the Sahara and extreme south Arabian Peninsula
  • T. s. dussumier: "Small Buttonquail". Extreme eastern Iran to India and Burma
  • T. s. davidi: "Small Buttonquail". Peninsular Thailand to south China, northern Indochina and Taiwan
  • T. s. whiteheadi: "Small Buttonquail". Luzon Island (n Philippines)
  • T. s. nigrorum: "Small Buttonquail". Negros Island (Philippines)
  • T. s. celestinoi: "Small Buttonquail". South Philippines (Bohol and Mindanao)
  • T. s. suluensis: "Small Buttonquail". Sulu Archipelago
  • T. s. bartelsorum: "Small Buttonquail". Java and Bali
Subspecies T. s. davidi
Photo © by nothinghill
Thailand, July-2012


Grasslands or scrub jungle. Also cornfields and stretches of grassy plains in Africa.



The diet consists of insects such as ants and seeds, particularly grass seeds.


The female builds the nest which is a pad of grass placed in a natural hollow in the ground, amongst the stems of a tuft of grass. The 4 speckled greyish eggs are incubated by the male who cares for the precocial young.

Breeding pair : larger female on right
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, July-2018


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2018)
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Eaton, JA, B van Balen, NW Brickle, FE Rheindt 2021. Birds of the Indonesian Archipelago (Greater Sundas and Wallacea), Second Edition. Lynx Editions. ISBN978-84-16728-44-2

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.