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White-eyed Parakeet - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 18:28, 27 April 2023 by KeithDickinson-10828 (talk | contribs) (→‎External Links: updated VSearch and GSearch)
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Alternative name: White-eyed Conure

Photo © by Stanley Jones
South of Tarapoto, San Martín, Peru, December 2016
Psittacara leucophthalmus


Without red spot
Photo © by Celso Paris
Sorocaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2018

32–35 cm (12½-13¾ in)
The White-eyed Parakeet, as well as many other Psittacids, has a green overall colour. Some red spots in the neck may be noticed, although the amount of red is quite variable or even absent. Its bill is pale and the underwing patterns are normally red and yellow, but immatures may lack the red.

Sexes similar


This bird is commonly seen throughout all South America, except for the southern part. They can be found in several sites, and become synanthropic in South-eastern Brazil. Introduced to Florida.


Formerly placed in genus Aratinga by Gill and Donsker.


Photo © by Rodrigo Conte
Brasilia, Brazil, January 2014

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • P. l. nicefori:
  • Known from one specimen from eastern Colombia (Meta)
  • P. l. callogenys:
  • P. l. leucophthalmus:

An additional subspecies propinqua is generally considered invalid[2].


Photo © by juninho
Ambopata-Candamo Reserved Zone, Peru, October 2005

Savannahs, woods, moist lowland rain forests and gardens. Floodplains, xerophytic scrub at ca. 270 m.


The White-eyed Parakeet lives in crowded flocks of 40 individuals or more, being commonly observed perched on trees and eating fruits and seeds (Zanthoxylum riedelianum is an example). They sleep collectively on escarpments, plantations or under the roof of houses, where they may nest as well.


Their diet consists almost entirely of fruit.


Like most of the Psittacids, this parrot does not collect material to build its nest, laying and hatching the eggs directly on the original surface. They generally nest in a tree hole.


Voice: Raucous flight call.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2017)
  4. BF Member observations

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