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Revision as of 05:58, 7 July 2023 by Aloktewari (talk | contribs) (Image of M and F; a pair nesting in Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur)
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Courtship dance
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, 4 July 2016
Antigone antigone

Grus antigone


Subspecies A. a. antigone
Pair nesting in Keoladeo National Park
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Bharatpur, India, 7 April 2015

176 cm (70 in); male is larger than the female

  • Grey plumage
  • Bare red head
  • White crown
  • Long dark pointed bill
  • Black wing tips
  • Long red or pink legs

Sexes are similar
Young birds are duller and browner.


Asia and Australasia
Asia: China, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Brunei, Philippines, Borneo
Australasia: Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland


Also placed in the genus Grus.


Few weeks old juvenile with parents
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, 22 June 2017

There are 3 subspecies[1]:


Freshwater marshes and plains, canals and village ponds.


Male and female engage in repeated, elaborate courtship dance.


Their diet includes wetland plants, seeds, rice grains ground nuts, also aquatic animals and crustaceans.


Subspecies A. a. antigone
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, 28 June 2013

They nest on the ground; the clutch consists of 2-3 eggs which is incubated by both adults. They tend to mate for life.


Recording © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, India, July-2016


Click images to see larger version


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2015)
  4. AvianWeb

Recommended Citation

External Links

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