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Pale Sand Martin - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 17:02, 31 July 2022 by Njlarsen (talk | contribs) (taxon, refs)
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Photo by HabbinAlan
Madoi, Qinghai, Tibetan Plateau, China, July 2016
Riparia diluta


12 cm (4¾ in)

  • Pale greyish-brown upperparts
  • Darker brown remiges and rectrices
  • Whitish underparts
  • Pale brown breast band
  • Shallowly forked tail


Photo by HabbinAlan
Madoi, Qinghai, Tibetan Plateau, China, July 2016

India and central and eastern Asia.


This species was recently split from Sand Martin.


There are six subspecies[1]:

  • R. d. diluta:
  • R. d. indica:
  • R. d. fohkienensis:
  • Central and eastern China
  • R. d. tibetana:
  • South-west China (Xizang-Qinghai plateau)


Open country, usually near water, in areas of sympatry with Sand Martin.



Their diet is not fully know, presumably insects caught in flight. The are usually seen feeding in groups and often with other hirundine and swift species.


They breed in colonies. The nest is at the end of a burrow in a bank.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved September 2016)

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