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Pale-blue Monarch - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 07:56, 27 July 2023 by THEFERN-13145 (talk | contribs)
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Photo by obasanmi
Tangkoko, Sulawesi, Indonesia, October 2005
Hypothymis puella


Female. Photo © by THE_FERN. Near Lampu Pijar, Dongala area, Sulawesi Indonesia, July 2023

16 cm

  • Pale blue head, chest, back and tail
  • Wings are a darker blue
  • Thin black throat band obsure or missing
  • Greyish-blue lower belly

Female: duller

  • Lacks black markings
  • Grey-brown back, breast, wings and tail

Similar species

Differs from Black-naped Monarch in lacking black nuchal tuft, obscure or absent breastband and greyish-blue belly.


Found on Sulawesi, Banggai and Sula islands in Indonesia.


Formerly included in Black-naped Monarch.


Two subspecies recognized:

  • H. p. puella on Sulawesi and adjacent islands
  • H. p. blasii on Banggai and Sula islands


Disturbed mixed deciduous forest, forest edge and second growth, with thick undergrowth, at heights up to 1,500m.



A small cup nest is built from fine grasses and moss, placed in a tree. The clutch consists of 3 eggs.


The diet includes insects.


Song: Hui-hui-hui or pwee-pwee-pwee.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2013. IOC World Bird Names (version 3.5). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2006. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 11: Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553064

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