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Medium Ground Finch - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 01:02, 17 October 2015 by Njlarsen (talk | contribs) (→‎Taxonomy)
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Photo by Momo
Isla Santa Cruz, Galapagos, Ecuador
Geospiza fortis


12.5 cm
Plumage varies from black (presumably in males) to mostly brown with streaks on underside. Bill varies from black to pink to yellow. The main distinguishing factor is shape of bill, with curved upper mandible with straighter lower mandible, and with the upper mandible longer than the height at base of the bill. Note that the bill size varies among islands, and some of the larger islands have two populations of Medium Ground Finch, one large- and one relatively small-billed.

Similar species

Small Ground Finch has a bill that is more pointed and especially at the base of the bill is smaller. Large Ground Finch is a true "megamouth" with a bill that at the base is very high.


Galapagos Islands.


This is a monotypic species1.


Forest and shrubland


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