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Brownish Twistwing - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 02:31, 24 March 2020 by Njlarsen (talk | contribs) (range, habitat, Behav, ref, remove {{Incomplete}})
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Alternative name: Brownish Flycatcher

Photo by Gerald Friesen
Pipeline Road, Gamboa, Panama, February 2014
Cnipodectes subbrunneus


About 16 cm
Mainly brown with more rufous rump and tail, buff throat and whitish belly. Wing coverts edged tawny producing a weak wing panel. Eye is orange-yellow or possibly brownish. Upper mandible is black while lower mandible is flesh-colored to orange-yellow.
Male has outer primaries turned and stiffened, probably not likely to be observed in the field.


Central and South America: found from Central Panama to western Ecuador and east of the Andes to eastern Peru and western Amazonian Brazil.



This is a polytypic species which consists of two subspecies:

  • C. s. subbrunneus:
  • C. s. minor:

An additional subspecies C. s. panamensis is generally considered invalid[2].


Lowland forest, maximally to 1200 m asl. Likes vines and tangles, and in Bolivia, Bamboo.


Known for it's habit of stretching one wing over the back. Rarely joins mixed flocks.

Feeds on mainly insects it seems.


  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Farnsworth, A. and D. J. Lebbin (2020). Brownish Twistwing (Cnipodectes subbrunneus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D.A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.brofly1.01
  4. Angehr, G.R. and R. Dean 2010. The birds of Panama - a field guide. A Zona Tropical Publication. ISBN 978-0-8014-7674-7
  1. Ridgely, R.S., & P.J. Greenfield (2001). "The Birds of Ecuador - Field Guide". Comstock/Cornell Paperbacks. ISBN 978-0-8014-8721-7

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