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Yellow-fronted Canary - BirdForum Opus

Nominate race
Photo © by Mybs
Matetsi, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, 13 May 2005
Crithagra mozambica

Serinus mozambicus


11–13 cm (4¼-5 in)

  • Green back
  • Broad supercilium
  • Yellow head, underparts and rump
  • Grey crown and nape
  • Black malar stripe
  • Brown wings and short tail

Female: similar, though has duller underparts and less marked head pattern
Juveniles: greyer than the female, especially on the head.

Subspecies barbata.
Photo © by THE_FERN. Masai Mara, Kenya, November 2021


Sub-Saharan Africa:
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, eSwatini.

Introduced to many countries including the Hawaiian Islands, where it is common and widespread.


Formerly placed in genus Serinus.


Clements recognises the following subspecies [1]:


Lowland open woodland, bush, scrub, savanna, agricultural land, gardens.



They build a compact nest in trees; the clutch consists of 3–4 eggs.


Their diet consists mostly of grass and weed seeds; other plant material such as buds, flowers and leaves. They also eat insects.


Song, often given in short bursts, is a lively series of sweet, musical phrases similar to Common Canary but weaker and with a more ringing quality. Call is a low double note.


Resident and partially nomadic. In non-breeding season large flocks wander in search of food.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Clement, P. (2020). Yellow-fronted Canary (Crithagra mozambica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61308 on 8 February 2020).
  4. Clement, P., A. Harris, and J. Davis. (1993). Finches and Sparrows: An Identification Guide. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, N. J.
  5. Pratt, H.D., Bruner, P., and Berrett, D.G. (1987) A Field Guide to the Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press.
  6. Pyle, R.L., and P. Pyle. 2017. The Birds of the Hawaiian Islands: Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status. B.P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, HI, U.S.A. Version 2 (1 January 2017) http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/birds/rlp-monograph/
  7. Zuccon, D., Prys-Jones, R., Rasmussen, P., Ericson, P.G.P. (2012). The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 62 (2): 581-596.
  8. Wikipedia contributors. (2019, December 28). Yellow-fronted canary. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:16, February 10, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yellow-fronted_canary&oldid=932753850
  9. BirdForum Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1