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White-fronted Woodpecker - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Francisco Paludo
Esteros Del Iberá, Colonia Carlos Pellegrini, Argentina, January, 2017
Melanerpes cactorum


16–18 cm (6¼-7¾ in)

  • White forehead and forecrown and lores
  • Yellow throat
  • Black upperparts
  • White underparts


Southeast Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Photo © by Stanley Jones
Ceibas Loop, Entre Rios Province, Argentina, October 2019

Dry forests, forest edges, savanna, gallery forests, montane scrub and bush country



They drill holes in the trunks and branches of Prosopis flexuosa and feeds on the exuded sap. They appear to nest in loose colonies.


They feed on insects, particularly ants; also beetles, with the addition of fruit. They have been observed predating on the egg of an Eared Dove.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Winkler, H., Christie, D.A. & Bonan, A. (2020). White-fronted Woodpecker (Melanerpes cactorum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/56164 on 12 January 2020).

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