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White-fronted Bee-eater - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Tully
Photo taken: Hell's Gate National Park, Rift Valley, Kenya, July 2006
Merops bullockoides


  • Green upperparts
  • Cinnamon underparts
  • Black mask
  • White forehead,
  • Bright red throat
  • Square tail
  • Dark trailing edge to wings, visible in flight
  • Some juveniles have a buff or yellow throat


Widespread throughout sub-equatorial Africa:
Western Africa: Gabon, Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, eSwatini


Merops bullockoides has two subspecies.1

  • M. b. bullockoides:
  • Semi-arid savannas in central and southern Africa.
  • M. b. randorum:


Sandbanks near rivers, savanna and open country. Wetlands, broadleaf woodland and wooded riverbanks



They nest in colonies, roosting and nesting in holes in cliffs or banks of earth.


The diet includes mainly bees and other flying insects.


  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. TrekNature
  5. BF member observations

External Links

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