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Visayan Hornbill - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Tarictic Hornbill; Visayan Tarictic Hornbill; Panay Tarictic Hornbill; Rufous-tailed Hornbill

Penelopides panini


45cm. A small hornbill with a ridged bill.


  • Yellowish-white and pale rufous plumage
  • Black ear-coverts and cheeks, black bare skin on throat
  • Black wings with bluish to olive sheen
  • Rufous tail-coverts
  • White to pale rufous tail with black tip
  • Blackish-maroon bill and small casque with reddish and yellowish ridges


  • Smaller than male
  • All black plumage except tail
  • Pale blue bare skin around eye and on throat

Juveniles are similar to adults but they have a brown bill


Endemic to several islands in the central Philippines.
Highly endangered, threatened by habitat loss. The subspecies ticaensis is almost certainly extinct as the island is totally deforested.


There are two subspecies:

  • P. p. panini found on Panay, Negros, Masbate and Guimaras (Visayan Tarictic Hornbill)
  • P. p. ticaensis formerly found on Ticao (Ticao Tarictic Hornbill)

Formerly considered conspecific with the other species of this genus on the Philippines under the name Tarictic Hornbill.


Primary evergreen forest. Occurs up to 1050m, deforestation has pushed some birds higher up.


The diet includes mainly fruit and occasionally insects, beetles, ants and earthworms.
Lays eggs from March to April, breeding in pairs, possibly sometimes co-operative. The nest is placed in a natural tree hole, sometimes in a rock hole. The breeding female is sealed by the male. Lays 2-3 eggs.
A sedentary and territorial species.


  1. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 2001. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 6: Mousebirds to Hornbills. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334306
  2. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist

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