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Spinifex Pigeon - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies leucogaster, pale underbelly
Photo by Mat & Cathy
Ormiston Gorge, Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia
Geophaps plumifera


20–22 cm (7¾-8¾ in)

  • Long spiky crest
  • Rusty coloured overall plumage
  • Red facial patch around the eye with a black arc above
  • Grey and black facial patches
  • Black striations on wings

Sexes similar.


Australia: found in Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia.



Subspecies ferruginea, rusty-red underbelly
Photo by Mike Bouette
Pilbara, Western Australia, July 2015

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • G. p. ferruginea:
  • West Australia (De Grey River to Gascoyne River and Carnarvon Range)
  • G. p. plumifera:
  • G. p. leucogaster:


Rocky outcrops arid grassland with spinifex clumps, near water.



Their diet consists almost entirely of grain.


Nominate subspecies
Photo by Hans & Judy Beste
Ormiston George, Northern Territory, Australia, 1980

The clutch consists of 2 white eggs, which are laid in the shelter of a spinifex bush. They can breed throughout the year.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved September 2016)
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

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