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Spectacled Tyrant - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by luisrock62
Reserva Costanera Sur - Buenos Aires, Argentina, October 2005
Hymenops perspicillatus


13–16 cm (5-6¼ in)
Long legs, short tail, rounded wings.

  • Black overall plumage
  • Black-tipped white primaries
  • Broad pale lemon eye ring around pale eye

Female heavily streaked, rufous on wings and pale eyes

Photo © by canutus
RECS, Buenos Aires, Argentina

South America: found in Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile and Bolivia. Vagrant to Peru.

Northern part of range only as winter visitor, southern part only in breeding season.



Two subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • H. p. perspicillatus:
  • H. p. andinus:
  • Central Chile and central Argentina; winters to northern Bolivia and south-western Brazil


Marshes, swamps and reed-edged waterbodies to wet shrubland. Sometimes uses cultivated land next to such areas.


Male, subspecies andinus
Photo © by Luis R
Putú Wetland, Maule Region, Chile, 11 January 2020


Feeds mostly on the ground; their main diet consisting of insects and spiders.


Males in breeding season may be conspicuous; their display consisting of a spectacular rise to about 10 m, with a loud snap of the bill.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Ridgely and Tudor 2009. Field guide to the songbirds of South America - The Passerines. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-71979-8
  3. Alvaro Jaramillo. 2003. Birds of Chile. Princeton Field Guides. ISBN 0-691-11740-3
  4. Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. (2020). Spectacled Tyrant (Hymenops perspicillatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57386 on 24 January 2020).

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1