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Smith's Longspur - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by jparks
North slope of Alaska
Calcarius pictus


Photo © by tjsimonsen
Beaverhill Lake, Alberta, Canada

Orange throat, nape, and underparts, intricate black-and-white face pattern. The white lesser coverts are quite pronounced on a male in spring and early summer. Females and immatures have lightly-streaked buffy underparts, dark crowns, brown wings with less obvious white lesser coverts, dark tails with white outer rectrices and a light-coloured face.


Northern Canada and Alaska and the United States in winter.


This species is monotypic.[1]


Open grassy areas.



The diet includes seeds, also eating insects in summer. Young birds are mainly fed insects.


Three to five eggs are laid in a grass cup nest on the ground; both parents feed the young. Both males and females may have more than one mate.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

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