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Sanford's Sea Eagle - BirdForum Opus

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Alternative names: Sanford's Fish Eagle; Solomon Islands Fish/Sea Eagle; Solomon Fish/Sea Eagle

Ichthyophaga sanfordi

Haliaeetus sanfordi


70–90 cm. Whitish brown to bright brown on the head and the neck. The underparts are tinged from brown to reddish brown and dark brown. The upperparts are coloured from darkish brown to grey black. The eyes are bright brown. This species has an entirely dark tail throughout its life.


Solomon Islands


Haliaeetus sanfordi is monotypic.

It has been proposed that this taxon be treated as a subspecies of White-bellied Sea Eagle I. leucogaster (BirdLife International, 2008, citing Debus, 2006).


Coastal forests and lakes to an altitude of 1500m.


Classified as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List (BirdLife International, 2008).


It breeds between August and October and 2 eggs are laid.

The diet includes tideline carrion, fish, molluscs, crabs, tortoises, and sea snakes.


  1. Clements, J. F., P. C. Rasmussen, T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, A. Spencer, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2023. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2023. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. BirdLife International (2008) Species factsheet: Haliaeetus sanfordi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 3/7/2008.
  3. Debus, S. (2006) Taxonomic status of Sanford's Sea-eagle. Boobook 24: 8.

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