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Saffron-billed Sparrow - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Rogerio Araújo Dias
Brasilia, Brazil
Arremon flavirostris


15–16.5 cm Male:

  • Mostly black head with white throat and white supercilium reaching backwards from the eye
  • Below the throat is a black collar in front continuing as a grey collar to the rear
  • Flanks are grey and rest of underparts whitish
  • Upperside entirely olive-green in flavirostris or mostly grey in polionotus where only wing coverts are green.
  • Bill orange-yellow with dark ridge at culmen

Female is duller overall with buff wash especially on underparts

Similar species

Pectoral Sparrow has black bill.


South America: found in Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina.


Moss-backed Sparrow was recently split from this species.


There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • A. f. polionotus:
  • Eastern Bolivia, south central Brazil (western São Paulo to Mato Grosso do Sul, southern Mato Grosso, and northern and western Paraná), Paraguay, and northeastern Argentina
  • A. f. flavirostris:
  • Interior of central eastern Brazil (Goiás, Minais Gerais, northern and eastern São Paulo, and adjacent eastern Mato Grosso do Sul; possibly also Bahia)


Understory of dry Chaco Forest as well as more moist Atlantic forest and gallery forest along rivers. May use both more mature and second growth forests. Most frequent in a range around 1500 m asl but also occurs in lowlands at some locations.


This is a resident species.

Feeds on both fruit and grains as well as invertebrates.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. García, N. C., H. R. Gunningham, and D. L. Slager (2021). Saffron-billed Sparrow (Arremon flavirostris), version 1.1. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.sabspa1.01.1

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1